Dataset: Advanced Techniques to Evaluate the Long-Term Stability and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Different Types of Biochar - Stability indicators (3/3), 2015

Abstract

Biochar is emerging as one of the most promising tools to remove CO2 from the atmosphere and permanently sequester carbon (C) in soils. Biochar is identified as a climate measurement with a great potential, both internationally and in Norway. In spite of this, this efficient CO2-technology has not been in use in a great extent today. The overall objective of this project was to investigate the relationship between pyrolysis conditions, type of feedstock and biochar stability, and to combine advanced techniques for evaluation proxies of the long-term stability of biochar in soils. The evolution of biochar chemical structures in soils was monitored through black-carbon specific benzenepolycarboxylic acid biomarkers (BPCA) and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). These BPCA- and NMR- methods was used to calibrate a high throughput mid-infrared spectroscopy method (MIR) for frequent monitoring of a large number of incubated samples. The physical structure of biochar was monitored with scanning electron microscopy. These advanced proxies were combined with ecotoxicological tests and energy yield investigations to determine optimum pyrolysis conditions for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions with environmentally-safe biochar. The study consists of three datasets. This file includes data from dataset 3/3 - Stability indicators. Data related to the project are also available from: https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.878890

For access to the dataset, use the NSD application form:

http://www.nsd.uib.no/nsd/english/orderform.html

Variable Groups

Full Title

Advanced Techniques to Evaluate the Long-Term Stability and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Different Types of Biochar - Stability indicators (3/3), 2015

Identification Number

NSD2303-3

Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Rasse, Daniel Bioforsk Soil and Environment - Ås

Producer

Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
Rasse, Daniel Bioforsk Soil and Environment Principal Investigator
Budai, Alice Bioforsk Soil and Environment PhD fellow

Copyright

Copyright (C) 2015 Daniel Rasse and Alice Budai, Bioforsk Soil and Environment

Funding Agency/Sponsor

Name Abbreviation Role Grant
The Research Council of Norway RCN 197531

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
NSD – Norwegian Centre for Research Data NSD

Version

Date: 2016-03-20

Notes

Original data from Daniel Rasse and Alice Budai, Bioforsk Soil and Environment are documented and prepared, first NSD-version.

Bibliographic Citation

"Advanced Techniques to Evaluate the Long-Term Stability and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Different Types of Biochar - Stability indicators (3/3), 2015". Data collected by Daniel Rasse and Alice Budai, Bioforsk Soil and Environment. First NSD edition, Bergen 2016.

List of Keywords

Topic Classification

Time Period Covered

Start End Cycle
2010 2013

Date of Collection

Start End Cycle
2010-10-05 2015-09-17

Country

Norway  (NO)

Unit of Analysis

Other

Universe

Different biochar materials.

Kind of Data

Other

Time Method

Cross-sectional survey

Data Collector

Sampling Procedure

There was 35 samples in total, consisting of miscanthus, corncob, and chars produced from these two feedstocks. Charring processes used were hydrothermal carbonisation, flash carbonisation, and slow pyrolysis (at different temperatures between 250 and 800 C). The data was collected by use of the Benzene polycarboxylic acid (BPCA) method, Mid infrared spectroscopy (MIR) and Oxidation by potassium dichromate (0,1 M K2Cr2O7, 2M H2SO4).

Mode of Data Collection

Other measurements

Location

Availability Status

NSD can make data from ”Advanced Techniques to Evaluate the Long-Term Stability and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Different Types of Biochar - Stability indicators (3/3), 2013" available after 01.12.2018. The data will be available for research, teaching and students when ordered.

Extent of Collection

3 data files; different formats can be made.

Restrictions

NSD can make data from "Advanced Techniques to Evaluate the Long-Term Stability and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Different Types of Biochar - Stability indicators (3/3), 2013" available after 01.12.2018. The data will be available for research, teaching and students when ordered.

Citation Requirement

Users are obliged to refer to producer and distributor of the data by writing the following in forewords or footnotes in eventual publications:
"(Some of) the data applied in the analysis in this publication are based on "Advanced Techniques to Evaluate the Long-Term Stability and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Different Types of Biochar - Stability indicators (3/3), 2013". The survey was financed by The Reasearch Council of Norway. The data are provided by Daniel Rasse and Alice Budai, Bioforsk Soil and Environment and prepared and made available by NSD – Norwegian Centre for Research Data. Neither Daniel Rasse, Alice Budai, Bioforsk Soil and Environment, The Research Council of Norway nor NSD are responsible for the analysis/interpretation of the data presented here.

Deposit Requirement

Access to data is given on the condition that NSD gets a PDF-file of eventual reports that are written on the basis of the data. This to ensure best possible information of the use of data we distribute.

Conditions

The order form has to include name, institutional affiliation, project title, information about sources of financing and postal address. A declaration of secrecy has to be signed before delivery of data.

Disclaimer

Neither Daniel Rasse, Alice Budai. Bioforsk Soil and Environment, The Research Council of Norway nor NSD are responsible for the analysis/interpretation of the data presented here.

Related Studies

Advanced Techniques to Evaluate the Long-Term Stability and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Different Types of Biochar - Surface Properties (1/3), 2013

Advanced Techniques to Evaluate the Long-Term Stability and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Different Types of Biochar - Incubation (2/3), 2015

Related Publications

Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Characterization of Chars Obtained from Hydrothermal Carbonization of Corncob and Miscanthus

Calucci, L., D. Rasse, & C. Forte (2013) "Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Characterization of Chars Obtained from Hydrothermal Carbonization of Corncob and Miscanthus", Energy Fuels 2013, 27, 303-309.

Surface Properties and Chemical Composition of Corncob and Miscanthus Biochars: Effects of Production Temperature and Method

Budai, Alice, L. Wang, M. Grønli, L.T. Strand, M.J. Antal Jr, S. Abiven, A. Dieguez-Alonso, A. Anca-Couce, D.P Rasse (2014) "Surface Properties and Chemical Composition of Corncob and Miscanthus Biochars: Effects of Production Temperature and Method" i Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2014, 62. 3791-3799.

Biochar persistence, priming and microbial responses to pyrolysis temperature series

Budai, Alice, D.P. Rasse, A. Lagomarsino, TZ. Lerch and L. Paruch (2016) Biochar persistence, priming and microbial responses to pyrolysis temperature series. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 1-13.

Persistence in soil of Mischanthus biochar in laboratory and field conditions

Rasse, Daniel P., Alice Budai, Adam O’Toole, Xingzhu Ma, Cornelia Rumpel and Samuel Abiven (2017) Persistence in soil of Mischanthus biochar in laboratory and field conditions. PLoS ONE 12(9):e0184383. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184383

Effects of pyrolysis conditions on Mischanthus and corncob chars: characterization by IR, solid state NMR and BPCA analysis

Budai, Alice, Lucia Calucci, Daniel P.Rasse, Line Tau Strand, Annelene Pengerud, Daniel Wiedemeier, Samuel Abiven and Claudia Forte (2017) Effects of pyrolysis conditions on Miscanthus and corncob chars: characterization by IR, solid state NMR and BPCA analysis. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2017.09.017.

Metadata Index

This is the Metadata Index for a Nesstar Server.
Nesstar is a tool used for analysing, visualising and downloading datasets.

Click the "Explore Dataset" button to open the dataset.