Dataset: Phylogeny of the Aphnaeinae: Myrmecophilous African Butterflies with Carnivorous and Herbivorous Life Histories, 2015

Abstract

This data set is a part of the project "From host plants to host ants: Evolution of phyto-predation in butterflies, 2014". The Aphnaeinae (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) are a largely African subfamily of 278 described species that exhibit extraordinary life-history variation. The larvae of these butterflies typically form mutualistic associations with ants, and feed on a wide variety of plants, including 23 families in 19 orders. However, at least one species in each of 9 of the 17 genera is aphytophagous, parasitically feeding on the eggs, brood or regurgitations of ants. This diversity in diet and type of symbiotic association makes the phylogenetic relations of the Aphnaeinae of particular interest. A phylogenetic hypothesis for the Aphnaeinae was inferred from 4.4 kb covering the mitochondrial marker COI and five nuclear markers (wg, H3, CAD, GAPDH and EF1??) for each of 79 ingroup taxa representing 15 of the 17 currently recognized genera, as well as three outgroup taxa. Maximum Parsimony, Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference analyses all support Heath's systematic revision of the clade based on morphological characters. Ancestral range inference suggests an African origin for the subfamily with a single dispersal into Asia. The common ancestor of the aphnaeines likely associated with myrmicine ants in the genus Crematogaster and plants of the order Fabales. Data are freely available for downloading (follow the link under "related material").

Variable Groups

Full Title

Phylogeny of the Aphnaeinae: Myrmecophilous African Butterflies with Carnivorous and Herbivorous Life Histories, 2015

Identification Number

NSD2261-3

Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Espeland, Marianne

Producer

Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
Espeland, Marianne Primary Investigator

Copyright

Copyright (C) 2015 Marianne Espeland

Funding Agency/Sponsor

Name Abbreviation Role Grant
The Research Council of Norway RCN 204308

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data NSD

Version

Date: 2015-12-11

Notes

Original data from Marianne Espeland are documented and prepared, first NSD-version.

Bibliographic Citation

“Phylogeny of the Aphnaeinae: Myrmecophilous African Butterflies with Carnivorous and Herbivorous Life Histories, 2015”. Data collected by Marianne Espeland. First NSD edition, Bergen 2015.

List of Keywords

Topic Classification

Time Period Covered

Start End Cycle
1995 2007

Date of Collection

Start End Cycle
1995-09-01 2007-12-01

Country

Norway  (NO)

Geographic Coverage

Country

Unit of Analysis

Other

Universe

Butterflies in the Lycaenidae family, subfamily Aphnaeinae, mainly from Africa, South of Sahara.

Kind of Data

Other

Data Collector

Espeland, Marianne

Sampling Procedure

The project generated DNA sequences for 179 butterflies.

Mode of Data Collection

Other

Location

Related Materials

Tables and supplementary material for Ancient Neotropical origin and recent recolonisation: Phylogeny of the Aphnaeinae: myrmecophilous African butterflies with carnivorous and herbivorous life histories

Tables and supplementary material for Ancient Neotropical origin and recent recolonisation: Phylogeny of the Aphnaeinae: myrmecophilous African butterflies with carnivorous and herbivorous life histories,
Systematic Entomology, volume 40, Issue 1, January 2015, pp. 169-182. Data is freely available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/syen.12098

Related Publications

Phylogeny of the Aphnaeinae: Myrmecophilous African Butterflies with Carnivorous and Herbivorous Life Histories, 2015

Boyle J.H., Kaliszewska Z.A., Espeland M., Suderman T.R., Fleming J., Heath A., Pierce N.E. (2015) Systematic Entomology, Volume 40, Issue 1, January 2015, pp. 169-182.

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