Dataset: Norwegian Parliamentary Elections, 1906-2013

Abstract

Since gaining full independence in 1905, Norway has experienced more than a century of democratic elections, and has reformed its electoral system three times, most notably with the switch from a two-round runoff system to proportional representation in 1919. In this project Fiva and Smith (2017) introduce a new data set featuring all candidates running for parliamentary (Storting) elections from 1906 to 2013, and document patterns over time and across electoral systems in the development of the party system; candidates' gender, age, occupation, and geographic ties; and voter turnout.  

Statistical units are considered personal data and the processing of these must be reported to The Norwegian Data Protection Authority or to the institution's privacy ombudsman. For access to the dataset, use the NSD application form:  

http://www.nsd.uib.no/nsd/english/orderform.html

Variable Groups

Full Title

Norwegian Parliamentary Elections, 1906-2013

Identification Number

NSD2405

Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Fiva, Jon H. BI Norwegian Business School
Smith, Daniel M. Harvard University

Producer

Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
Fiva, Jon H. BI Norwegian Business School BI Principal Investigator
Smith, Daniel M. Harvard University HU Principal Investigator

Copyright

Copyright (C) 2017 Jon H. Fiva, BI Norwegian Business School and Daniel M. Smith, Harvard University

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
NSD – Norwegian Centre for Research Data NSD

Version

Date: 2017-02-21

Notes

Original data from Jon H. Fiva, BI Norwegian Business School and Daniel M. Smith, Harvard University are documented and prepared, first NSD-version.

Bibliographic Citation

"Norwegian Parliamentary Elections, 1906-2013". Data collected by Jon H. Fiva, BI Norwegian Business School and Daniel M. Smith, Harvard University. First NSD edition, Bergen 2017.

List of Keywords

Topic Classification

Time Period Covered

Start End Cycle
1906 2013

Date of Collection

Start End Cycle
2014-01-01 2017-01-01

Country

Norway  (NO)

Geographic Coverage

Country

Unit of Analysis

Individual

Universe

Individual candidates in each parliamentary election in Norway from 1906 to 2013.

Kind of Data

Administrative records data

Time Method

Historical

Data Collector

Sampling Procedure

The level of observation in the data set is each individual candidacy in each election year, for a total of 60,744 candidate-year observations. The data contains candidate-level observations for all individuals from all parties, and includes information on candidates’ gender, occupation, and hometown. Second, it spans multiple electoral system reforms, the most important being the 1919 change from a two-round plurality runoff system in single-member districts to closed-list proportional representation (PR) in multi-member districts.

The data were hand-collected from various volumes of Stortingsvalget (Parliamentary Elections) published by Statistics Norway. These documents only list the full names of all candidates from 1961 onwards. Prior to the 1961 election, only the initial of the first name is provided for male candidates, while the full name is provided for female candidates. We manually supplemented male first names for many of the candidates in the 1906 to 1957 period using biographical information from the Archive of Politicians (elected MPs) provided by the Norwegian Centre for Research Data (NSD), later electoral lists, and other sources, and then standardized the format and spelling of individuals' names across observations. We classified candidates' gender based on first names. Year of birth for elected MPs also comes from the Archive of Politicians.

Mode of Data Collection

Sample from register

Location

Availability Status

Data from ”Norwegian Parliamentary Elections, 1906-2013” are made available for research, teaching and students when ordered.

Extent of Collection

1 data file; different formats can be made.

Restrictions

Data from "Norwegian Parliamentary Elections, 1906-2013" are made available for research, teaching and students when ordered.

Citation Requirement

Users are obliged to refer to producer and distributor of the data by writing the following in forewords or footnotes in eventual publications:
“(Some of) the data applied in the analysis in this publication are based on "Norwegian Parliamentary Elections, 1906-2013". The data are provided by Jon H. Fiva, BI Norwegian Business School and Daniel M. Smith, Harvard University, and prepared and made available by the NSD – Norwegian Centre for Research Data. Neither Jon H. Fiva, BI Norwegian Business School, Daniel M. Smith, Harvard University nor NSD are responsible for the analyses/interpretation of the data presented here.”

Deposit Requirement

Access to data is given on the condition that NSD gets a PDF-file of eventual reports that are written on the basis of the data. This to ensure best possible information of the use of data we distribute.

Conditions

The order form has to include name, institutional affiliation, project title, information about sources of financing and postal address. A declaration of secrecy has to be signed before delivery of data.

Disclaimer

Neither Jon H. Fiva, BI Norwegian Business School, Daniel M. Smith, Harvard University nor NSD are responsible for the analyses/interpretation of the data presented here.

Related Publications

Political Dynasties and the Incumbency Advantage in Party-Centered Environments

Fiva, J. H. and D. M. Smith (2016): Political Dynasties and the Incumbency Advantage in Party-Centered Environments, CESifo Working Paper Series 5757.

Norwegian Parliamentary Elections, 1906-2013: Representation and Turnout Across Four Electoral Systems

Fiva, J. H. and D. M. Smith (2017a): Norwegian Parliamentary Elections, 1906-2013: Representation and Turnout Across Four Electoral Systems, West European Politics, forthcoming.

Local Candidates and Voter Mobilization: Evidence from Historical Two-Round Elections in Norway’ Electoral Studies

Fiva, J. H. og D. M. Smith (2017b): Local Candidates and Voter Mobilization: Evidence from Historical Two-Round Elections in Norway’ Electoral Studies, 45, 130-140.

The Contraction Effect: How Proportional Representation Affects Mobilization and Turnout

Cox, G.W., J. H. Fiva and D. M. Smith (2016) The Contraction Effect: How Proportional Representation Affects Mobilization and Turnout. Journal of Politics, 78, 1249-1263.

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